Replication and joint effect analyses of genetic variants from type 2 diabetes susceptible loci in a Chinese population. C. Hu1,2, R. Zhang1, C. Wang1, J. Wang2, X. Ma1, K. Xiang1,2, W. Jia1,2 1) Shanghai Diabetes Inst, Shanghai, China; 2) Dept Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital.
Objective: Recent advance in genetic studies added the confirmed susceptible loci for type 2 diabetes to eighteen. In this study, we attempt to analyze the independent and joint effect of variants from these loci on type 2 diabetes and clinical phenotypes related to glucose metabolism. Research Design and Methods: Twenty-one single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from fourteen loci were successfully genotyped in 1,849 subjects with type 2 diabetes and 1,785 subjects with normal glucose regulation. We analyzed the allele and genotype distribution between the cases and controls of these SNPs as well as the joint effects of the susceptible loci on type 2 diabetes risk. Results: We confirmed the effects of SNPs from PPARG, KCNJ11, CDKAL1, CDKN2A-CDKN2B, IDE-KIF11-HHEX, IGF2BP2 and SLC30A8 on risk for type 2 diabetes, with odds ratios ranging from 1.114 to 1.406 (P value range from 0.0335 to 1.37E-12). But no significant association was detected between SNPs from WFS1, FTO, JAZF1, TSPAN8-LGR5, THADA, ADAMTS9, NOTCH2-ADAM30 and type 2 diabetes. Analyses on the quantitative traits in the control subjects showed that THADA SNP rs7578597 was association with 2-h insulin during oral glucose tolerance tests (P=0.0005, empirical P=0.0090). The joint effect analysis of SNPs from eleven loci showed the individual carrying more risk alleles had a significantly higher risk for type 2 diabetes. And the type 2 diabetes patients with more risk allele tended to have earlier diagnostic ages (P=0.0006). Conclusions: Our findings suggested that genetic variants played important role in the susceptibility of type 2 diabetes in the Chinese.