Evaluation of Ancestry and Linkage Disequilibrium Sharing in Admixed Population in Mexico. J.K. Estrada, A. Hidalgo-Miranda, I. Silva-Zolezzi, G. Jimenez-Sanchez. National Institute of Genomic Medicine, Mexico.
More than 80% of the Mexican population is considered Mestizo, resulting from the admixture of ethnic groups with Spaniards. To generate an initial estimate of ancestral contribution (AC) of populations from Europe, Africa and Asia to the Mexican Mestizos, we genotyped 104 samples from the states of Sonora (n=20), Yucatan (n=17), Guerrero (n=21), Zacatecas (n=19), Veracruz (n=18) and Guanajuato (n=8) using the 100K Affymetrix SNP array, and used data from the International HapMap Project as the parental population information. From 3,055 ancestry informative SNPs reported by Smith et al. and Choudhry et al., we identified 105 present in the 100K array and used them to calculate AC from each population to our sample. To infer AC we used Structure software under the admixture model. Based on this analysis, the average AC in our samples is 58.96% European, 10.03% African and 31.05% Asian. Sonora shows the highest European contribution (70.63%) and Guerrero the lowest (51.98%) where we also observe the highest Asian contribution (37.17%). African contribution ranges from 7.8% in Sonora to 11.13% in Veracruz. Based on these data, we grouped our population according to European AC (<50%, 50-60%, 60-70% and >70%). We used the Carlson algorithm to derive European tagSNPs from the 100K marker set. To explore Linkage Disequlibrium Sharing (LDS) between Mestizos and Europeans, we calculated the proportion of tagSNP-marker pairs that maintained an r20.8 in each evaluated population. In general, comparison of LDS between European and Asian population is ~73%, whereas comparison with African population is ~40%. Mestizos from Guerrero show the lowest LDS (74%), whereas those from Sonora show the highest (77%). Similar results are seen in the group of lower (<50%) and higher (>70%) European ancestry. Our results suggest that the Mexican Mestizo population shows ancestry-based stratification that will requiere the appropriate corrections to avoid spurius results in association studies. Our results show that admixed populations have unique patterns of LD depending on levels of ancestral contribution.