A rare variant local haplotype sharing method with application to admixed populations. S. Hooker1,2, G. T. Wang1,2, B. Li1,2, Y. Guan2,3, S. M. Leal1,2 1) Center for Statistical Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX., USA; 2) Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX., USA; 3) Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX., USA.
With the advent of next generation sequencing there is great interest in studying the involvement of rare variants in complex trait etiology. For many complex traits sequence data is being generated on DNA samples from African Americans and Hispanics to elucidate rare variant associations. Analyses of admixed populations present special challenges due to spurious associations which can occur because of confounding. However using information on admixture and local ancestry can also be highly beneficial and increase the power to detect associations in these populations. Here a local haplotype sharing (LHS) method (Xu and Guan 2014) was extended to test for rare variant (RV) associations in admixed populations. Previously the Weighted Haplotype and Imputation-based Test (WHAIT) (Li et al. 2010) was proposed to test for rare variant associations using haplotype data. The RV-LHS method unlike WHAIT, does not require reconstruction of haplotypes which can be both computationally intensive and error prone. Additionally the RV-LHS uses information on local ancestry which is particularly advantageous when analyzing admixed populations. Results will be shown from simulation studies performed for rare variant data from an admixed population. Both Type I and II errors are evaluated for the RV-LHS method. Additionally the power of the RV-LHS method is compared to WHAIT as well as several other non-haplotype-based rare variant association methods including the combined multivariate collapsing (CMC) (Li and Leal, 2008), Variable Threshold (VT) (Price et al. 2010) and Sequence Kernel Association Test (SKAT) (Wu et al. 2010). Several heart, lung and blood phenotypes were analyzed using sequence data on African-Americans from the NHLBI-Exome Sequencing Project to better evaluate the performance of the RV-LHS compared to other rare variant association methods.
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